Warning signs of breast cancer
- Nipple tenderness or a lump or thickening in or near the breast or underarm area
- A change in the skin texture or an enlargement of pores in the skin of the breast.
- A lump in the breast (It’s important to remember that all lumps should be investigated by a healthcare professional, but not all lumps are cancerous.)
- Any unexplained change in the size or shape of the breast.
- Dimpling anywhere on the breast.
- Unexplained swelling of the breast (especially if on one side only)
- Unexplained shrinkage of the breast (especially if on one side only)
- Skin of the breast, areola, or nipple that becomes scaly, red, or swollen or may have ridges or pitting resembling the skin of an orange.
- Nipple that is turned slightly inward or inverted.
- A nipple discharge other than the breast milk.
- Breast pain
Most common in
- Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide.
- It accounts for 16% of all female cancers and 22.9% of invasive cancers in women. 18.2% of all cancer deaths worldwide, including both males and females, are from breast cancer.
- Breast cancer rates are much higher in developed nations compared to developing ones.
- There are several reasons for this, with possibly life-expectancy being one of the key factors – breast cancer is more common in elderly women; women in the richest countries live much longer than those in the poorest nations.
- The different lifestyles and eating habits of females in rich and poor countries are also contributory factors, experts believe.
Preventive techniques of breast cancer
- Avoid becoming overweight – Obesity raises the risk of breast cancer after menopause, the time of life when breast cancer most often occurs.
- Eat healthy– A woman suffering from a breastcancer should eat all those food items which are rich in protein and carbohydrates. Avoid high sugar drinks and increase intake of fruits and vegetables.
- Drink little or no alcohol– Cosumption of more and more alcohol is associated with high risk of breast cancer. If a woman wants to intake it then she can only have 1 glass of drink per day not more than this.
- Don’t smoke – Research has studied that long term smoking has resulted in the increased breast cancer.
- Keep yourself physically active – Research suggests that increased physical activity, even when begun later in life, reduces overall breast-cancer risk by about 10 percent to 30 percent. All it takes is moderate exercise like a 30-minute walk five days a week to get this protective effect.
- Breast feed your babies as long as possible– Ladies who breast feed their babies for more than one year reduces the risk of breast cancer.
- Get regular breast cancer screenings– Follow your doctor and get regular breast cancer screenings.