Due to the sudden outbreak of Coronavirus Pandemic which emerged from Wuhan, China. which has rapidly spread throughout the world, there is an unexpected rise in the pharmaceutical business. The rise is due to the growing demand of sanitiser and face Mask. As Coronavirus is communicable diseases which can affect our respiratory tract wearing a face mask is must but do you know which one?
While some with COVID-19 have a mild illness, some are getting difficulty in breathing, pneumonia, and even respiratory failure. You may have heard a lot recently about using face masks to prevent infection. Yes, it is correct, in rush, people are buying masks from various medical shops without having the proper knowledge of its type & use. Therefore there is a sudden shortage of face masks at medical stores and simultaneously the prices of these masks are touching clouds.
So, are face masks effective but when you should wear them? Which type of facemask is suitable for you? All these things we are going to discuss today in our heathiply blog.
Types of Mask
The two main types of face masks you are widely in demand for COVID-19 prevention, it’s generally two types:
- Surgical mask
- N95 respirator
N95 respirators and surgical masks are examples of personal protective equipment that are used to protect the wearer from airborne particles and liquid contaminating the face.
These both are used in the health sector, but apart from them there are some other masks used in different sectors which are as follows:
- P100 respirator
- Full face respirator
- Self-contained breathing apparatus
Let’s see them briefly about each of them below:
1. Surgical Mask
Surgical masks are also referred to as face masks and respirators. These masks differ by the type and size of infectious particles they can filter. Face masks are used more commonly for respiratory viruses that spread via droplets, which travel short distances and are transmitted by cough or sneeze. Face masks often fit loosely and prevent the wearer from spreading large sprays and droplets, splashes that may contain germs.
But they do not provide complete protection from germs due to loose-fitting between your face & surface of the face mask.
Used By: They are used by doctors, nurses so they don’t get germs from infected patients and by sick people so that they can avoid infecting others, and by caregivers.
However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) does not recommend that people who are well wearing a face mask to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including coronavirus (COVID-19).
Note: Face masks are not intended to be used more than once and they are disposable.
Must Read This Blog: Know These Important Facts About Coronavirus Pandemic During Lockdown!
2. N95 Respirator
An N95 respirator has a very close fit and very efficient in the filtration of airborne particles as the sides of this mask are meant to form a seal your nose and mouth. However, even a properly fitted N95 respirator does not completely eliminate the risk of coronavirus.
N95 designation depicts that when a person is subjected to careful testing, the respirator blocks at least 95 % of very small test particles. N95 respirators require special fit testing, they are not recommended for use by the general public.
Used By: It is used by healthcare workers to protect themselves from germs by blocking out at least 95% of small airborne particles if worn correctly. People who are working with dust, mould, or medical/environmental emergencies.
3. P100 Respirator
P100 Respirator is also known as a gas mask and it is reusable. It provides protection to people who are involved in painting or woodworking or exposed to lead, asbestos, solvents and other chemicals. It is not used in the health sector.
4. Powered Air-purifying Respirator
Full face respirator or special air-purifying respirator is used where a person needs protection from gases and vapours and protects your eyes. It is better for people who have a hard time breathing in a regular mask, as some are powered with an air supply. It is also reusable.
When Should a Mask be Used?
Face masks should be used only by individuals who have symptoms of a respiratory infection such as coughing, sneezing, fever or difficulty in breathing. It should also be worn by health care workers, by individuals who are taking care of or are in close contact with people who are infected by Coronavirus pandemic.
Face masks should be reserved for those who need them because masks can be in short supply during periods of widespread respiratory infection.
Proper Way of Wear a Mask
If wearing a face mask is essential then t is important to wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before putting on the face mask. Otherwise use an alcohol-based sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. After cleaning your hands, place the face mask over your nose and mouth. Ensure that there are no holes between the face mask and your face and guarantee a tight seal.
Try to avoid touching the face mask when wearing it. If you do touch the face mask, wash your hands or use hand sanitizer again. When you are done using the face mask, remove it without touching the front of the face mask and dispose of it in the dustbin. Wash your hands again after discarding the face mask.
Which Mask is Better During COVID-19
Surgical face masks block large particles from entering your mouth but they have loose-fitting and but they are easily available at the medical store and are cheaper. While N95 respirators have more tight-fitting and are more efficient in protecting Coronavirus but it is costly and normal drugstores don’t keep them. Both of these masks could probably help in protecting you from getting this Coronavirus Pandemic.
Wear or Not to Wear?
When it is a matter of protection from coronavirus during this lockdown period, you should wear a mask whenever you are going outside for buying grocery or vegetables. As this face mask protects from getting infected against COVID-19. However, the CDC suggests you only use masks if you’re told to by a professional or are showing symptoms for respiratory illnesses, including COVID-19, to protect others around you from the infection. It is also recommended that follow other preventive measures, too.
Summing up here but remember facemask is essential but make sure you should wash your hands properly and more often especially if you’re around others who may be sick. Follow social distancing and stay at home, stay safe!!
Sources: CDC, businessinsider.in